Frequently Asked Questions


TB in the lungs or throat (pulmonary TB) are the only forms of the illness that are infectious, which means it can be passed on to other people. However, TB can also affect any other part of the body, including kidneys, brain or bones. This is called non-pulmonary TB – and is not infectious.
When someone with TB in their lungs or throat coughs or sneezes, they send droplets into the air that contain the TB bacteria. If you breathe in these bacteria over a long time you may become ill with TB. But most people won’t get ill because: you normally need to spend many hours close to a person with infectious TB to breathe in enough bacteria to be at risk most people’s immune systems are strong enough to kill off TB bacteria. TB cannot be spread through touch, sharing cutlery, bedding or clothes.
Drug-resistant TB can occur when TB bacteria become resistant to the two most powerful antibiotics normally used to treat the illness. This means the TB is more difficult to treat and treatment will take much longer (usually at least 18 months).
TB cases in the Uganda are still high – and they have increased since the 1980s. Every year around 6,000 people are diagnosed with TB. Most people of the people don't even realize they have TB.
Every year, around the world 8.6 million people are diagnosed with TB, and 1.3 million die of the disease. This is mainly because they cannot get the drugs that would make them better.
TB treatment takes at least six months. It is really important to take all your tablets, to kill the TB bacteria completely. Maybe your family or a close friend can be your ‘treatment buddy’ and remind you to take your medicine. Your TB nurse will also support you. It is really important to keep in touch, and tell them if you experience any problems with your treatment. TB treatment and medication Understanding your treatment helps you cope and stay motivated. Treatment for TB is usually a mixture of four antibiotics. DOT Making sure you take all your tablets may be difficult, especially when you are feeling ill. The good news is that there is help – it’s called Directly Observed Treatment – DOT for short. After treatment TB can be a long-term illness, though it is different for everyone. That is why ‘after treatment’ is such an important part of the TB journey.